Processor kya hota hai? जानिए पूरी जानकारी हिंदी में । What is Processor

Processor kya hota hai?: आज हम कंप्यूटर के प्रोसेसर के बारे में बात करने जा रहे हैं अक्सर आपने सुना होगा, Mobile Processor, Computer Processor, Laptop Processor आदि क्या आप जानते हैं इन प्रोसेसर का हमारे मोबाइल और कंप्यूटर में क्या काम होता है यदि आपको नहीं पता तो आपको चिंता करने की कोई जरूरत नहीं है

इस टॉपिक में हम आपको Processor kya hota hai?, प्रोसेसर कैसे कार्य करता हैं यह सब जानकारी, कहने का मतलब है प्रोसेस से जुड़ी A to Z जानकारी यहां पर आपको मिल जाएगी जैसे की

  • Cores
  • Hyper threading
  • Clock Speed
  • Overclock

यह भी जानिए

कंप्यूटर के प्रकार हिंदी में

What is Processor in laptop

What is a processor in a laptop – processor kya hai?

Processor ek biscuit ke size ki ek choti si cheep hoti hai. Jo computer/Laptop me sab kuch handel karta hai. Ise computer ka brain bhi kahte hai. Agr ham computer me se processor ko nikal de, toh computer koi bhi kam nahi kar payenga. Ham computer me jo bhi kaam karte hai, wo processor ki madad se karte hai. Processor hamare diye uye, input ko computer ki bhasha me convert karke, computer ko deta hai aur computer hame output deta hai.

What is core in laptop, Pc, Mobile processor

Processor me core ek unit hota hai, jo ek individual processor ki tarh kam karta hai. Ek proccer me kai sare cores hote hai. Agr processor me 2 core hai to use dual-core processor kahte hai. Is Tarah

  • 4 core wale ko quad-core,
  • 6 core wale ko Hexa,
  • 8 core wale ko octa aur
  • 10 core wale ko deca core kahte hai.

Processor me jitne jyada cores lage honge, processor utne hi jyada kaam, smoothly aur fast kar payega. Matab 4 core wale se jyada fast, 6 core wala processor hota hai.

Ab baat kare aisa kyu? Toh iske liye hame janna hoga ki, processor core kaise kaam karta hai.

How do Processor Cores Work?

Ise me, aapko ek example se samajhta hoon….

Agr mere laptop ke processer me 4 core hai. Aur me laptop me youtube se video download karha hoo..  Aur video download hota hai tb tk me music player se gaane bhi sun raha hoon.. aur gaane sunte-sunte game bhi khel raha hoo. Matalab me 3 kaam ek saath kar raha hoon.

Toh mere processor ke 4 cores me se pahla core youtube ko, dusra core music player ko and tisra core game ko sambhal lega. Matab mere 3 kaam tino core me bat jayege. Is liye me ek saath multiple kaam kar sakta hoon, Wo bhi smooth aur fast. Agr mere processor me sirf ek core hota. toh mere processor ki dhajiya hi ud jati, matab mera laptop slow kaam karta.

Matlab jitne jyada cores house, utne sare kaam ham smoothly kar sakte hai.

What is hyper threading technology?

Hyper-threading technology ki vajh se ham laptop me Kam time me. jyada kaam kar skate hai. Chaliye jante hai hyper threading technology kaise kaam karti hai.

Hyper threading ke vakt processor ka 1 physical core, 2 logical cores ki tarah work karta hai. Aur vo alag-alag kam ko ek sath karte hai. Yeh core physically bate nahi jate par logically bat jate hai. Matab 4 core wale processor me hyper threading hoti hai,  toh wahi 4 core wala processor 8 cores ki tarah kaam karta hai.

Hyperthreading wala processor, normal processor se 30% jyada fast hota hai.

Matlab ki, hyper-threading kiye huye 2 core wale processor ki speed, normal (without threading) 2 core wale processor se 30% jyada hoti hai.

Core vs hyper threading

Ise ham ek exemple ki madad se samjate hai…

Agr mere paas Ek dual-core processor threading technology ke sath hai, Aur dusra quad-core processor threading technology ke Bina hai. Toh in dono me se jyada fast quad core wala hoga.

2 core (with threading) < 4 core (without threading)

What is nm technology in processor?

Processor me karodo-arabo (billions) ki sankhya me chote-chote transistors hote hai. Usnke bich jo distance (gap) hota hai use hum nm technology se mapate hai.

Processor me transistors ke bich jitni kam jagh hoti hai, utana hi badiya processor hota hai. Matlab 7 nm technology wala processor, 10 nm wale se achcha hota hai.

Transistors ke bich distance kam ho jane ke karan, processor kam power use karta hai. Aur uske karn processor jaldi heat bhi paida nahi karta aur processor fast work karta hai.

Aur transistors ke bich distance Kam ho-jane ke Karan processor me jagh bach jati hai, toh us jagh me 1-2 jyda cores Laga sakte hai.

What is clock speed?

Clock speed ko clock rate bhi kahte hai.

Clock speed ko samajhne se pahle aapko samjna honga ki, clock cycle kya hoti hai?

Clock cycle

Aap ko pata hai ki processor me karodo-arabo (billions) ki sankhya me transistors hote hai. Vo transistors on/off hote rahte hai. Bs, use hee clock cycle kahte hai. Nahi samje? Chalo, example se samjata hoon.

Agr processer me transistors 1 bar on/off hote hai. toh use 1 clock cycle kahte hai, Aise hi agr vo transistors 10 bar on/off huye.. toh use 10 clock cycle kahte hai.

Clock speed

Clock speed ka matlab ki… Processor Ek second me jitni clock cycles ko execute Karta hai, use ham clock speed kahte hai. Chaliye example se samajhta hoon….

Agr processor 1 second me, 1 clock cycle executes Karta hai toh uski clock speed 1 Hz hongi. Aise hi, processor 1 second me, 1 billion clock cycle execute Karta hai toh uski clock speed 1 GHz hongi.

Clock CycleClock Speed
1 clock cycle per second1Hz clock speed
1 million clock cycle per second1Mhz clock speed
1 billion clock cycle per second1Ghz clock speed.
Processor kya hota hai in hindi

Matlab processor jitni jyada clock cycle executes Karta hai, utani hi zyada uski clock speed hoti hai.

Ab yah kahna galat hoga ki, jyada clock speed wala processor fast hota hai.. Kyoki processer ki performance sirf uski clock speed pe depend nahi karti.. Kyoki Kai sare processer me clock speed kam hoti hai par us processor ki banavat latest hoti hai. Toh vo latest banavat vala processor old banavat (jiski clock speed jyada hai) wale se jyada fast kaam karta hai.

Ek example se samajhta hoo…… 

Manlo ki ek intel ka old processer hai. Aur uski clock speed 2 GHz hai aur use 1 task poora karne me 4 clock cycle lagti hai.

Aur ek taraf intel ka naya processor hai, aur uski ki clock speed 1.6 GHz hai. Par use 1 task ko

poora karne ke liye sirf 2 clock cycle lagti hai.

Matalab naye processor me 4 clock cycle wala kam sirf 2 clock cycle me hi ho jata hai.

Agr mere pass same generation ke, same model number, same company ke 2 processor hai, jisme sab kuch same hai.. Bs un dono ki clock speed alag-alag hai. Toh isme ham kah sakte hai ki, jiski clock speed jyada hogi, vo processor jyada fast honga.

Aasa karta hoon ki, aapko yah clock speed samajh me aayi hogi.

Ab aapne base clock, boost clock, Trbo boost aur Turbo core ke bare me suna hoga. Toh chaliye inke bare me baat karte hai.

What is base clock & boost clock

Boost clock, Turbo boost aur Turto core – yah tino ek hi hote hai. Intel wale boost clock ko Turbo boost kahte hai aur AMD wale boost clock ko Turbo core kahte hai.

Base clock matlab processor ki Normal clock speed. Aur boost clock matab processor ki high clock speed. Chalo, ek example se samajhta hoon….!

Agr mere pass “intel core i5” processor hai.. aur uski base clock 3.2 GHz aur boost clock 3.4 Ghz hai. Toh jab me mere laptop me, basic kaam karta hoo, ki jise karte vakt processor ke upar jyda load nahi pad raha. Toh tab meri clock speed base clock speed hongi.. matab 3.2 GHz hongi.

Par me laptop me kuch aisa kaam kar raha hoo, ki jisse processor pe load bahut jyada pad raha hai.. toh processor automatically uski clock speed badake 3.4 GHz Kar denga, Jisse processor smooth aur fast kaam kar sakega. Aur jb processer ke uparse load wala kam hat jayega toh processor automatically normal base clock me aa jayega.

Yaha par aapko ye janna bhi jaruri hai ki…. Processor jb boost clock me kaam karta hai, toh vo base clock ke mukable jyda fast kam karta hai… par sath me vo base clock ke mukable jyda power use karta hai, jisse battery jaldi khatm ho jati hai aur processor jyada garam ho jata hai.

Processor Overclock kya hai

Aam tor par log overclock apne processor ko jyada fast karne ke liye karte hai. Dekho, Mere pass “intel core i5” processor hai.. toh me usme jyda load wala kam karunga, toh processor boost clock me kaam karega.. Matlab 3.4 GHz pe kaam karega. Par me, kuch aisa kam kar raha hoon, ki jise karne ke liye processor ko boost clock me bhi load pad raha hai..

Toh mera processor slow kaam karenge aur mujhe slow kaam pasand nahi hai..!  Toh me laptops ke “bios” me ja kr apne processer ki clock speed manually bada dunga…!  Matab me 3.4 Ghz se 3.6 GHz kar dunga. Yah karne se mera laptop fast kam toh karenga, par uske sath jyada power bhi khayega aur jyada heat bhi janret karenga.

 

Kya overclock risk hai?

Ha, chalo example se samjte hai….

Agr me, meri clock speed 3.4 Ghz se 6 Ghz bada lunga. Toh meri yah bewkufi ke karan mera processor poora jal jayega…!  Is liye aam tor par overclock soch samajh ke karna chahiye ya nahi karna chahiye!

Vaise bhi overclock kuch hi laptops ke motherboard me support karti hai.

Aur processor ki performance sirf uski clock speed pe depand nahi karti.

Generation

Ise sidhe example se samjte hai…..

Agr mere pass ek “intel core i5 1st generation processor hai aur dusra “intel core i5 2nd generation” processor hai, toh un dono me se 2nd generation wala processor best hoga. Matlab 1st generation ke mukabla 2nd  generation wala processor thoda fast honga. Aise hi, 3rd generation wala, 2nd generation se thoda fast honga.

Matlab latest generation wale processor ke mukable, uski pichli generation wale processor thode hi slow hote hai.

Cache memory

Yah choti si (lagbhag 5 MB ki) memory hoti hai, jo processor me lagi hoti hai. Yah RAM ke mukable jyda fast hoti hai.

FAQs

Q. Can I upgrade my laptop processor?

Ans: jyadatar laptops ke processor ko aap upgrade nahi kar sakte.. kyonki jyadatar laptops ke processer, motherboard ke sath soldering kiye huye hote hai aur ham use desoldering karne ki kosis karte hai..

toh hamara laptop kharab bhi ho sakta hai.  Ab baat kare ki.. konse processer ko upgrade kar sakate hai?

Toh ham LGA aur PGA socket type ke processer ko upgrade kar sakte hai… Par use ham sirf same generation me hi upgrade kar sakte hai.. matlab ki,  “intel i3 4th generation” ko ham sirf “intel i5 4th generation”, “intel i7 4th generation”

aur “intel i9 4th generation” me hi upgrade kar sakte hai.. Kyoki yah LGA aur PGA types ke processor motherboard ke saath soket se jude hote hai aur alag-alag generation me soket ki size alag-alag hoti hai.

Aur BGA type ke processor ko aap nahi upgrade kar sakte.

Ab baat kare ki kaise jane ki processor BGA hai ya LGA hai ya PGA hai!

Q. How to check processor is BGA, PGA or LGA?

Google me processer ka naam likhe, aur uske bad “cpu world” likhde ( “CPU world”- Ek CPU ki information dene wali website hai) aur waha dekh le ki konsa socket type hai… Chalo, me exemple de kar batata hoon…  Agar mere paas “intel core i5 3rd generation” hai. Toh me  “intel core i5 3rd generation cpu world google me search karunga aur jo first website aayegi… use me open karunga.

Processor kya hota hai
Processor kya hota hai?

Main Aasa karta hoon, aapko Processor kya hota hai?(What is processor) ke bare samajh me aaya hoga. Agr aapka koi question hai to aap niche comment me puch sakte hai. Dhanyawaad aapka!

—-Processor kya hota hai—-

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